Argentina has got a vast territory and a huge variety of climates and microclimates ranging from tundra and polar in the south to the tropical climate in the north. It has natural wonders like the Aconcagua, the highest mountain in the world outside the Himalayas, the widest river and estuary of the planet, the huge and very mighty Iguazú Falls, some of the flattest and wide meadows-plains of planet Earth, culture, customs and gastronomies famous internationally, a higher degree of development, good quality of life and people and relatively well prepared infrastructure make this country one of the most visited country of America.
Argentina receives large number of travelers mainly for its beautiful landscapes and then for its cultural heritage. It has the warm landscapes of tropical climates contrasting, in a huge gradient microclimates, the polar climates or extensive and very fertile grasslands with the World´s most flatter plains contrasting with the highest mountains outside Asia, contrasted with also vast desert areas plethoric of geoforms for the annual running extensive and extreme Dakar rally race, the high mountain ranges, the pleasant Pampeanas mountains and the temperate Atlantic beaches and its extensive coastlines. The huge distances require in most cases air travel. The Misiones rainforest, Argentine Yungas, and areas of the Andean Patagonia are scientifically considered as biodiversity hotspots large areas worldwide. The great biodiversity and a large number of different landscapes and climates make Argentina a diverse country where appear to meet multiple countries together harmoniously.
The country presents an entire range of possible climates: temperate, dry warm, humid warm, cold dry, cold humid, semi-arid, steppe, subantarctic, subtropical, snowy, cold mountain, and a huge variety of microclimates.
Argentina has been upgrading its worldwide presence as a tourism destination by increasing the investment in international tourism. The latest push can be seen by Aerolineas Argentinas, the country's national airline, adding international routes from the United States and Europe.
Argentina has enjoyed the visit of 5.80 million tourists in the year 2011 according to the World Tourism Organisation, the first most visited country in South America and the second most visited of all of Latin America, after Mexico.
Foreign tourists mainly come from Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Mexico, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, United States, Canada, China, South Korea, Japan, Australia, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Portugal and Russia.
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