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Argentina, this is a South American country which is located mostly in the southern part of the continent. The country shares it borders with Chile in the west, Bolivia and Paraguay in the north, by Brazil in northeast, by Uruguay and South Atlantic Ocean in east, and by the Drake Passage in the south.
Argentina land area: Argentina has an area of 2,780,400 sq. km. Area wise, Argentina’s position in the world is eighth-largest. In the Americas, it is the fourth largest and in South America, it is second largest after Brazil.
Argentina population: The population of the country is around 44.8 million
Argentina language: Argentina is largest Spanish speaking country.
Argentina capital: Buenos Aires is the federal capital of the country and is an autonomous city.
Politically, Argentina has been subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city which is known as Buenos Aires. Argentina has a federal system, but the provinces and the capital have their own constitutions. The country also claims sovereignty on Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, and some part of Antarctica.
Argentina people: Argentina has many European immigration, mainly from Italy and Spain which radically influenced its cultural and demography. About 62.5% of the population has full or partial Italian ancestry and due to that the Argentine culture has much influence of Italian culture.
Argentina facts: As per the known history, presence of human being has being has been found from the Palaeolithic period. In Pre-Colombian times, the Inca Empire extended its boundary to the northwest of the country. In the 16th century, the Spanish colonisation of the region started. Argentina became the successor state of the Vice-royalty of the Río de la Plata which was a Spanish overseas vice-royalty (founded in 1776). The fight for independence continued from 1810 to 1818. Then it plunged into a civil war till 1861, when the country was recognised as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires (the capital city). After 1861, the country is in peace and stability comparatively
Due to fast prosperity in the country, Argentina rose to the seventh wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century. From the statistical analysis of Maddison Historical Statistics Project, it is known that Argentina had the world's highest GDP per capita in 1895 and 1896 and was placed among top ten before 1920. After the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina went into political instability and economic decline. This development pushed Argentina back into underdevelopment, however it still enjoyed the position among fifteen richest countries for many decades. After the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his 3rd wife, Isabel Martínez de Perón, became the president. In 1976, she was overthrown by a U.S. backed coup which installed a right-wing military dictatorship. The military government became brutal and used state terrorism that lasted until the election of a President named Raúl Alfonsín in 1983. Many leaders of junta were later convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for their crimes.
Argentina climate: Argentina has mainly four types of climate - warm, moderate, arid, and cold. The climate is dependent on the latitude, range in altitude, and relief features. Argentina has a big climate diversity. This diversity ranges from subtropical in the north to polar in the south.
Argentina economy: Argentina’s Human Development Index ranks is 48th. Its HDI is the second highest in Latin America after Chile. It is a developing country. In Latin America it is a regional power and treated as middle power in international affairs. Argentina is 2nd largest economy in South America while its economy is 3rd largest in Latin America. It is a member of G-15 and G-20. It is also a founding member of the World Trade Organisation, World Bank, Mercosur, United Nations, Organisation of Ibero-American States, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and Union of South American Nations.
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